Otto Blumenthal (1876–1944), Hilbert’s first doctoral student, holds a special position in the world of mathematical publishing. He was managing editor of "Mathematische Annalen" from 1905 to 1938, and from 1924 onwards editor of the annual report of the German Mathematical Society, "Jahresbericht der DMV". Blumenthal died in 1944 in the Theresienstadt concentration camp.

8 Professional Commitment

From an early date, Jewish mathematicians were also involved in the organs and organizations of mathematics in Germany – editing leading journals and yearbooks, collaborating with publishing houses and, not least, contributing to the work of the professional mathematics associations that were established near the end of the 19th century, specifically Deutsche Mathematiker-Vereinigung [the German Mathematical Society] and Gesellschaft für angewandte Mathematik und Mechanik [the Society for Applied Mathematics and Mechanics].

The Springer scientific publishing house, the founder of which was himself Jewish and which developed into a leading specialist publisher for mathematics, profited considerably from the cooperation between publisher Ferdinand Springer and Richard Courant and a great number of other Jewish authors. Its international orientation after World War I contributed greatly to making German-language mathematical literature known worldwide during the Weimar era, and as a result the success of the publishing house and the mathematicians themselves had a mutually reinforcing effect. In 1918 Springer and Courant started the publication of what was to become the extraordinarily successful “Yellow Series”, known today as A series of Comprehensive Studies in Mathematics, in which many important monographs were published.